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    Environmental Energies

    Strengthened Resolutions at COP28

    Tougher Commitments and Historical Shift:

    The resolutions passed at COP28 marked a significant departure from the initial draft, sparking concern among delegates. Despite lacking legal binding, this agreement represents a groundbreaking moment in nearly three decades of UN climate summits. Notably, countries have collectively committed to a decisive move away from fossil fuels. While hailed as “historic” by COP president Sultan al-Jaber, there is disappointment among small island states, as the resolution emphasizes a “transition away” from fossil fuels rather than the more ambitious “phase out” or “phase down” proposed by frontline nations grappling with the immediate impacts of the climate crisis.

    Ambitious Targets for a Sustainable Future:

    COP28 set ambitious targets focused on renewable energy and energy efficiency. The global community aims to triple renewable energy capacity by 2030 while doubling the average annual rate of energy efficiency improvements. The resolution calls for a rapid reduction in unabated coal use and restricts the permitting of new coal power generation. Additionally, a commitment to accelerating efforts worldwide toward achieving net-zero emissions energy systems by mid-century is highlighted. The emphasis on a just, orderly, and equitable transition from fossil fuels aims to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050, aligning with scientific recommendations.

    Holistic Approaches and Sector-Specific Actions:

    COP28 outlines a comprehensive approach to combating climate change by accelerating the adoption of zero and low-emission technologies. This includes renewables, nuclear power, carbon capture and utilization, storage technologies, and low-carbon hydrogen production. Efforts to substantially reduce non-CO2 emissions globally, particularly methane, are prioritized by 2030. The resolution also addresses emissions from road transport, promoting infrastructure development and rapid deployment of zero-emission vehicles. Furthermore, COP28 calls for the phased-out removal of inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that fail to address energy poverty or support just transitions, emphasizing a need for immediate action.